Eco Travel: 7 Unique Biodiverse Hotspots in India
India is a land of miracles. The mesmerizing natural beauty of this country is enough to blow your mind. And let’s not forget the diversity that India is known for! Not just in culture and people, but the diversity that you get with its natural beauty is to a whole new level.
There are some amazing bio-diverse spots available in India. A biodiversity hotspot is one bio-geographic region, known for its significant biodiversity reservoir and also pretty much threatened with destruction. But, in case you are a nature lover and want to breathe in the beauty that India has in store for you, check out these 7 unique bio-diverse spots in India right away!
Nanda Devi National Park:
Located alongside the Valley of Flowers National Park, Nanda Devi National Park is an iconic example of bio-diversity at its best. This area actually forms a larger, off-limits part of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve in 1998, and got the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Here, you will see the free-flowing transition screen of the Himalayas, which is the home to a smorgasbord of that richer and fuller alpine vegetation.
- Then you have the beauty of lush meadows and rhododendron forests to enjoy.
- Alongside, you have endangered animals like black bears, snow leopards, bharal, musk deer, and brown bears visiting you once in a while.
For all the seasonal trekkers out there, Nanda Devi National Park is one spot to get in touch with the beguiling biodiversity of the Himalayas, thanks to the National Park Trek. If you have time, visit the Lata village, situated at the reserve’s edge for a whole new experience!
Whenever you are taking a trip to Odisha, don’t forget to give Chilika Lake a visit. It is considered to be the largest wintering ground for all the migratory birds on the current Indian subcontinent.
- Known for supporting marine, freshwater and brackish ecosystems, Chilika Lake is a place that will not just soothe your sight but your mind as well!
- This hotspot is home to around 800 faunal species. Here, you will get to come face to face with some of the endangered, threatened and rare species too!
While taking a trip to Chilika Lake, you will come across the Ramsar site. This place is another prime example of rich Indian biodiversity and consists of species like the Irrawaddy dolphin and also the Barakudia Limbless skink.
Not just known for mangrove trees, but Sunderbans is home to the top three wildlife sanctuaries in India. Those are:
- The Sajnekhali Wildlife Sanctuary
- The Lothian Wildlife Sanctuary
- The Haliday Wildlife Sanctuary
If you want to watch birds for hours and want to enjoy some exciting thrilling adventures, a trip to these sanctuaries is a must. Right from plovers to whimbrels, sandpipers to lapwings, you have multiple birds, ready to show their beauty over here.
The Sunderbans is going to be your best spot to check out some wild boar, crocodiles, tigers and even resident birds, all under one umbrella! Sit on top of the Sajnekhali Watchtower and let the magic unfolds right in front of your eyes!
Make sure to have some time in hand and explore the Mangrove Park and Mangrove Interpretation Centre when you get the chance. Otherwise, for an adrenaline rush, you can get along with some activities like Burirdabri Mud Walk and the Dobanki Canopy Walk for a change.
It is true that when compared to some of the metropolitan cities, Sikkim is no doubt a tiny state with 0.2% of the population. Well, you cannot deny that this small place is known to house around 26% of the total biodiversity of the country. It consists of 4500 flowering plant species, 600+ butterfly species and 550 avifauna species to cover the place.
- If there is one place you want to enjoy over here, then that has to be Yumthang Valley.
- This valley straddles the river that holds the same name and it lies beyond the Lachung.
- The wildflower speckled meadows of the Yumthang arenas will be the ones inviting yaks to come and graze on. Then you have rhododendrons and primulas, which will streak the landscape in different colours.
The forest is filled up with rhododendron trees and there is a rich avifauna to welcome you over here. Make sure to read about the place in detail and mark the hotspots you need to visit, before coming over here. It helps you to say prepared beforehand and never miss out on the beauty this place has to offer!
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve:
A simple walk in the Silent Valley National park is a life-changing experience for many. Want to get rid of the hustle and bustle of city life and indulge yourself in the wilderness at its best? If so, then a trip to Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve will be a much-needed break from your busy lifestyle.
- Silent Valley is the most secluded part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and it houses that dense version of tropical rainforest to sustain a greater variety of the biodiversity of southern Western Ghats.
- Here, you will be bombarded with 315 avifauna species, like the famed lion-tailed macaque and more.
You will even come to visit some of the major eco-tourism activities around here. It has been a part of the Kerala tourism plan. Thanks to this package, now you get the chance to hike, trek and even camp out near the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and become one with nature.
Loktak Lake is the finest example of a surreal floating lake, not just in India but all around the globe. Also noted as the lifeline of Manipur people, this Loktak Lake is the primary centre for a wide range of fauna and flora.
- Thanks to the floating phumdis, this lake will give an illusion of a floating landmass. People can even live on these tiny floating islands! How cool is that!
Loktak Lake is noted to be an ancient lake and also vital for the economic growth of the place. It is a significant part of the international Indo-Burma Biodiversity arena.
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve:
The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve is not just one place but a wide amalgamation of top-notch areas under one umbrella. This reserve consists of:
- Pachmarhi Sanctuary
- Bori Sanctuary
- Satpura National Park
This Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve is mainly known for its forest habitats. There is a wide range of endemic fauna available around here. Some of the major examples seen are wild dogs, nilgai, chinkara, Indian wolf, Indian giant squirrels, bison and even flying squirrels. It is a sight-overload for those who love wildlife in its natural habitat.
Book your tickets now!
The next time you are planning to explore the bio-diversity part of India, visiting any one of these 7 spots will act out brilliantly in your favour. Do your bit of research before purchasing the ticket. It can be a great opportunity for sole travellers, who just want to cut out the hustle of busy life and spend some time alone in the midst of nature. Let Epiconic Travel take care of your travel plans.